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Cigarette Smoke Underlies the Pathogenesis of Palmoplantar Pustulosis via an IL-17A–Induced Production of IL-36γ in Tonsillar Epithelial Cells

  • Author Footnotes
    4 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Keiju Kobayashi
    Footnotes
    4 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Affiliations
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan

    Department of Human Immunology, Research Institute for Frontier Medicine, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
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  • Author Footnotes
    4 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Ryuta Kamekura
    Footnotes
    4 These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Affiliations
    Department of Human Immunology, Research Institute for Frontier Medicine, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan

    Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
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  • Junji Kato
    Affiliations
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
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  • Shiori Kamiya
    Affiliations
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan

    Department of Human Immunology, Research Institute for Frontier Medicine, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
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  • Takafumi Kamiya
    Affiliations
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
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  • Kenichi Takano
    Affiliations
    Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
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  • Shingo Ichimiya
    Affiliations
    Department of Human Immunology, Research Institute for Frontier Medicine, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
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  • Hisashi Uhara
    Correspondence
    Correspondence: Hisashi Uhara, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, South-1, West-17, Chuo-ku, Sapporo 060-8543, Japan.
    Affiliations
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    4 These authors contributed equally to this work.
Published:November 11, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2020.09.028
      Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is characterized by sterile pustules on the palms and soles. A strong association between PPP and tobacco smoking has been reported, and it has been speculated that the IL-17A pathway may play an important role in PPP. Recent studies have suggested that IL-36 plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and its subtypes. The relationships among IL-36, smoking, and PPP have not been examined. Here, we investigated the relationships among the smoking index, severity of the clinical condition of PPP, and in vitro dynamics of IL-36 in human tonsillar epithelial cells under the condition of exposure to a cigarette smoke extract. The results demonstrated that the Palmoplantar Pustulosis Area and Severity Index was strongly and positively correlated with the smoking index in female patients. Immunohistochemical examinations showed that IL-36γ was highly expressed in tonsillar epithelial cells from patients with PPP but not in those from patients with recurrent tonsillitis without PPP. The in vitro study revealed that IL-17A synergistically induced a release of IL-36γ under cigarette smoke extract exposure. These results suggest that local production of IL-36γ by epithelial cells induced by cigarette smoke exposure plays an important role in the pathogenesis of PPP.

      Abbreviations:

      CSE (cigarette smoke extract), PPP (palmoplantar pustulosis), PPPASI (Palmoplantar Pustulosis Area and Severity Index), SI (smoking index)
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