Pemphigus & Pemphigoid
Higher Frequency of Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor Intake in Bullous Pemphigoid Patients than in the French General PopulationDipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors have been suspected to induce bullous pemphigoid (BP). The objective of this study was to compare the observed frequency of gliptin intake in a large sample of 1,787 BP patients diagnosed between 2012 and 2015 in France, with the expected frequency after indirect age standardization on 225,412 individuals extracted from the database of the National Healthcare Insurance Agency. The secondary objective was to assess the clinical characteristics and the course of gliptin-associated BP, depending on whether gliptin was continued or stopped.
Large International Validation of ABSIS and PDAI Pemphigus Severity ScoresThe Pemphigus Disease Area Index (PDAI) and Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity-Score (ABSIS) scores have been proposed to provide an objective measure of pemphigus activity. These scores have been evaluated only on already treated patients mainly with mild to moderate activity. The objective was to assess the interrater reliability of ABSIS and PDAI scores and their correlation with other severity markers in a large international study. Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pemphigus were enrolled in 31 centers.
Incidence and Mortality of Pemphigus in FranceThe incidence of pemphigus varies from 0.5 to 34 cases/million inhabitants/year, with the highest incidence rates in Brazil (Hans-Filho et al., 1996; Ishii et al., 2008; Langan et al., 2008; Meyer and Misery, 2010). Additionally, although the prognosis of pemphigus patients is considered good in the literature, recent findings reported unusually high mortality rates (Almugairen et al., 2013; Langan et al., 2008).