Pemphigus & Pemphigoid
- The Pemphigus Disease Area Index (PDAI) and Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity-Score (ABSIS) scores have been proposed to provide an objective measure of pemphigus activity. These scores have been evaluated only on already treated patients mainly with mild to moderate activity. The objective was to assess the interrater reliability of ABSIS and PDAI scores and their correlation with other severity markers in a large international study. Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pemphigus were enrolled in 31 centers.
- The incidence of pemphigus varies from 0.5 to 34 cases/million inhabitants/year, with the highest incidence rates in Brazil (Hans-Filho et al., 1996; Ishii et al., 2008; Langan et al., 2008; Meyer and Misery, 2010). Additionally, although the prognosis of pemphigus patients is considered good in the literature, recent findings reported unusually high mortality rates (Almugairen et al., 2013; Langan et al., 2008).
- Superpotent topical corticosteroids (CS) have been demonstrated to improve bullous pemphigoid (BP) patients’ survival. We assessed whether a mild regimen using lower doses of topical CS and a shorter duration could improve the outcome of BP patients even more. Three-hundred and twelve BP patients were included in a multicenter randomized controlled trial and stratified depending on the extent of BP as moderate (n=134) or extensive (n=178). Patients were randomly assigned to the standard regimen (clobetasol propionate cream, 40g per day initially, with CS tapering over 12 months) or the mild regimen (10–30g per day), with CS tapering over 4 months.
- Pemphigus are B-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases affecting skin and mucous membranes. They are characterized by the production of pathogenic autoantibodies directed against desmogleins (Dsg). In this prospective study, we treated 21 pemphigus patients with rituximab and analyzed immunological modifications induced by anti-CD20 immunotherapy. The total depletion of peripheral B cells led to a significant decrease of total serum IgM but not IgG levels. The B-cell depletion was followed by a progressive re-emergence of naive blood B lymphocytes, with one-third of them expressing a transitional CD19+CD38highCD24high phenotype.