Pemphigus is a skin and mucosal membrane-targeting autoimmune bullous disease. Previous studies have shown that circulating anti-desmoglein1/3 antibodies are pathogenic and mediate blister formation. However, the role of infiltrating immune cells in lesional skin has not been fully investigated. In this study we showed that there existed a large number of B and T lymphocytes and plasma cells in the skin lesions by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining. In addition, a significantly increased number of Dsg1- and Dsg3-specific B cells could be identified by flow cytometric analysis or enzyme-linked immunospot technique (i.e., ELISPOT) assay.