Mental Health and IllnessCircumstances forcing individuals and families to flee set the stage for disruptions in mental health and forge resilience. Individual characteristics and conditions premigration, perimigration, and postmigration influence health, mental health, care-seeking behavior, and stages of well-being and successful resettlement. Primary care providers have strategies to promote mental well-being, including focusing on resilience and social determinants of health. Integrated or collaborative care models are ideal for delivering optimum care for refugee and immigrant communities. Connecting primary and behavioral care promotes a team approach; provides comprehensive, whole-person care; and relies on participation of patients and families.
Automated Dermatological Diagnosis: Hype or Reality?In this issue of the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Han et al. (2018) have made a landmark contribution to the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in dermatologic diagnosis. Although previous studies have reported that computer algorithms can successfully diagnose skin cancer from medical images with human equivalency (Esteva et al., 2017; Ferris et al., 2015; Marchetti et al., 2018; Menzies et al., 2005), Han et al. have made their computer algorithm publicly available for external testing.
Melatonin: A Cutaneous Perspective on its Production, Metabolism, and FunctionsMelatonin, an evolutionarily ancient derivative of serotonin with hormonal properties, is the main neuroendocrine secretory product of the pineal gland. Although melatonin is best known to regulate circadian rhythmicity and lower vertebrate skin pigmentation, the full spectrum of functional activities of this free radical-scavenging molecule, which also induces/promotes complex antioxidative and DNA repair systems, includes immunomodulatory, thermoregulatory, and antitumor properties. Because this plethora of functional melatonin properties still awaits to be fully appreciated by dermatologists, the current review synthesizes the main features that render melatonin a promising candidate for the management of several dermatoses associated with substantial oxidative damage.