Survival of Patients with Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Results of a Prospective Cohort StudyCutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is an increasing health burden in white populations. We prospectively assessed risk factors for tumor-specific and overall survival in 1,434 patients who underwent surgery for cSCC between January 24, 2005, and May 29, 2015. A total of 2,149 invasive cSCCs were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses included tumor thickness, horizontal size, body site, histological differentiation, desmoplastic growth, history of multiple cSCCs, and immunosuppression.
Serial or Parallel Metastasis of Cutaneous Melanoma? A Study of the German Central Malignant Melanoma RegistryFor more than a century the Halstedian hypothesis of contiguous metastasis from the primary tumor through the lymphatics to distant sites shaped lymph node surgery for melanoma. We challenge this dogma of serial metastatic dissemination. A single-center series of 2,299 patients with cutaneous metastatic melanoma was investigated to analyze overall survival and distant metastasis-free survival of stage IV patients with or without primary lymphatic metastasis. Results were then compared with those of 2,134 patients from three independent centers of the German Central Malignant Melanoma Registry.
Incidence, Mortality, and Trends of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer in GermanyIncreasing incidence rates (IRs) of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in white populations have been described worldwide. Cancer registry data from the Saarland and Schleswig-Holstein federal states were used to analyze incidence and mortality trends in Germany. Age-standardized rates were compared with crude rates to assess disease burden. Joinpoint regression models were used to estimate annual percentage changes and 95% confidence intervals, allowing us to assess temporal trends between 1970 and 2012.
UVA-Irradiation Induces Melanoma Invasion via the Enhanced Warburg EffectMelanoma is a malignant tumor in which UVA (320–400 nm) radiation is considered to be an important risk factor. But the role of UVA in melanoma progression toward an invasive phenotype is still not adequately investigated. For most proliferating tumor cells the preference of aerobic glycolysis has been described as the Warburg effect. Here we investigate the effect of UVA irradiation on changes in the Warburg effect and tumor progression toward invasive potential. On UVA irradiation, melanoma cell lines from initial tumors show an induction of the Warburg effect with increased glucose consumption and lactate production, which is at least partially mediated by reactive oxygen species.