Whole-Exome Sequencing of Acquired Nevi Identifies Mechanisms for Development and Maintenance of Benign NeoplasmsThe melanoma transformation rate of an individual nevus is very low despite the detection of oncogenic BRAF or NRAS mutations in 100% of nevi. Acquired melanocytic nevi do, however, mimic melanoma, and approximately 30% of all melanomas arise within pre-existing nevi. Using whole-exome sequencing of 30 matched nevi, adjacent normal skin, and saliva we sought to identify the underlying genetic mechanisms for nevus development. All nevi were clinically, dermoscopically, and histopathologically documented.
Genome-Wide Association Shows that Pigmentation Genes Play a Role in Skin AgingLoss of fine skin patterning is a sign of both aging and photoaging. Studies investigating the genetic contribution to skin patterning offer an opportunity to better understand a trait that influences both physical appearance and risk of keratinocyte skin cancer. We undertook a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of a measure of skin pattern (microtopography score) damage in 1,671 twin pairs and 1,745 singletons (N = 5,087) drawn from three independent cohorts. We identified that rs185146 near SLC45A2 is associated with a skin aging trait at genome-wide significance (P = 4.1 × 10–9); to our knowledge this is previously unreported.