- Rare autosomal mutations in CARD14 have previously been linked to psoriasis susceptibility in humans, but their pathogenic role had not been shown. Mellett et al. generated mice harboring the patient-derived gain-of-function Card14ΔE138 mutation and showed that hyperactivation of CARD14 alone is sufficient to induce immunopathogenic mechanisms that are responsible for psoriasis, which is driven by the IL-17/IL-23 axis.
- Mutations in caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 14 (CARD14) have been linked to susceptibility to psoriasis. CARD14 is an intracellular scaffold protein that regulates proinflammatory gene expression. Recent studies have offered novel insights into the mechanisms of CARD14-mediated signaling in keratinocytes and the molecular impact of psoriasis-associated CARD14 mutations. CARD14 forms a signaling complex with BCL10 and the paracaspase MALT1, and this process is enhanced upon pathogenic CARD14 mutation, culminating in the activation of MALT1 protease activity and psoriasis-associated gene expression.